The Human Body: Body Parts
The human body is the entire structure of a human organism, and consists of a head, neck, torso, two arms and two legs. By the time the human reaches adulthood, the body consists of close to 10 trillion cells, the basic unit of life. Groups of cells combine and work in tandem to form tissue, which combines to form organs, which work together to form organ systems.
Superficial anatomy or surface anatomy is important in human anatomy being the study of anatomical landmarks that can be readily identified from the contours or other reference points on the surface of the body. With knowledge of superficial anatomy, physicians gauge the position and anatomy of the associated deeper structures.
Common names of well known parts of the human body, from top to bottom:
Head - Forehead - Jaw - Cheek - Chin
Neck - Shoulders
Arm - Elbow - Wrist - Hand - Fingers - Thumb
Spine - Chest - Thorax
Abdomen - Groin
Hip - Buttocks - Leg - Thigh - Knee - Calf - Heel - Ankle - Foot - Toes
The eye, ear, nose, mouth, teeth, tongue, throat, adam's apple, breast, penis, scrotum, clitoris, vulva, navel are also superficial structures.